• 1.jpg
  • 2.jpg
  • 2slideshow.jpg
  • 3.jpg
  • 4.jpg
  • 5.jpg
  • 6.jpg

Support for parents

Phonics is an important part of the teaching and learning within school and vital to support reading and writing development.

Additional phonics at home will increase the progress your child makes in their phonics learning.

Each week teachers in Hatchmere, Oakmere and Sandymere will reference classroom learning within their weekly blog. By using the ideas and consolidating learning at home, you will support your child to retain the new phonemes (sounds) they are learning in class.\

Each class is taught the following phases:

  • Reception: Phase 1, 2, 3
  • Year 1: Consolidate phase 3, phase 4 and phase 5
  • Year 2: Consolidate phase 5 and move onto spelling patterns and rules.

Click on each phase below for more information and resources to support reading and writing at home.

 

Phonics terminology:

Phoneme: The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (depending on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme: A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g igh, or 4 letters e.g. ough.

GPC: Short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme (sound) to a grapheme (written representation) and vice versa.

Digraph: A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Trigraph: A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Pure sounds: Pronouncing the sound (phoneme) correctly and not adding 'uh' to the end of the sound. Children who add 'uh' to the end of phonemes e.g. b'uh', m'uh' etc struggle to blend words for reading.

Pseudo words: Nonsense words used in phonics (often alien names) used to check children are able to identify graphemes within new words.

Oral Blending: This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to blend written words.

Blending: This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging  these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading.

Oral Segmenting: This is the act of hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them.

Segmenting: This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling.

 

 

You are here: Classes & Curriculum Phonics for Parents